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Genome-wide Assessment of Population Structure, Linkage Disequilibrium and Resistant QTLs in Chinese Wild Grapevine

Source: Zhengzhou Fruit Research Institute

As an important germplasm source worldwide, it is necessary to study Chinese wild grapevine‘s genetic diversity, population structure and linkage disequilibrium (LD). In this study, 81 strains of Chinese wild grapevine were studied and constituted the core collection. These strains were genotyped according to 160 genome-wide SSR (simple sequence repeat) markers. All SSR markers were widely spread across the strains and revealed a total of 3469 alleles. After population structure analysis, all the Chinese wild grapevine strains were grouped into two subgroups that were well matched with the geographical distribution and the results were published by our research team. Of all SSR pairs, 8.3% (P < 0.01) were in LD. For all inner chromosomal loci pairs, the mean r2 value was 0.0229. The LD decay distance across Chinese wild grapevine was up to 14.13 cM, below the critical r2 value of 0.1, following y = −0.0383 ln(x) + 0.2016. According to both the linear mixed model and general linear model, the associations of the 160 SSR markers with grape white rot resistance were calculated. Five associated markers were located, four of which had been previously associated with other resistance traits and one of which was new. Chinese wild grapevine association mapping was performed to anchor useful quantitative trait loci (QTLs), and the five markers identified can help us anchor additional resistance-associated genes.

This study was supported by Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No.: 31201599).

By Zhang Ying